Tie up or protect lower tree branches. Push the spade toward the tree, creating a … Moving crepe myrtles requires a bit of digging. With some planning and thoughtful care, you’ll be able to enjoy your transplanted tree in its new location for many years to come. She has been a home gardener and professional gardener since 2008. Jennifer Noonan, Bob Vila, 11 Decorative Pillow Trends to Expect in 2021. Add any soil necessary to achieve the proper height. How to Dig up the Tree. Dig … Work your way around the tree, pushing the pitchfork deeper under the tree's root system. Does anyone dig them up? For all but the smallest of trees, taproots will be imposing enough to require cutting with an ax or … If you're transplanting multiple trees, do so one at a time, starting with this step. Digging several inches past the trench ensures that you include most (if not all) of the new feeder roots that will help the tree adjust to its new location. Cutting the root too close to the tree can cause structural instability and can cause the tree to fall over. Dig a trench around the outside edge of the tree’s root ball line. Prepare the Transplant. STEP 3 Cut a trench (about two feet deep and at least one foot wide) around the root ball with a flat spade, making sure to cut through the existing roots that extend past this circumference using the sharp edge of the spade. When plants are removed from the soil while growing they enter a state of shock that decreases their chances of survival in a new home. For smaller stumps, you can use a digging bar to pry the stump out. Water the soil thoroughly three days before you plan to dig. After transplanting, ensure the tree gets enough water in relation to the climate, soil type, and rainfall levels. … It's best to hire an arborist to remove a tree root. The airspade uses air pressure to gently blow away the soil around the roots. The roots will actually grow deeper and stronger if you don’t. For more tips from our Gardening co-author, including how to cut a big tree root, read on! Roots can be killed by direct contact with boiling water, repeatedly killing off any above-ground growth, or injection with herbicides (stump killer). Then start digging around the tree with a sharp, flat spade about six inches further than the pruned roots. First, dig out a new planting hole. If the tree isn’t thriving (whether from disease or environmental issues), you may need to hold off until it becomes healthy again. A small bow saw can also be used to sever the roots as you uncover them. Next, you need to dig out the tree. It should be about three times as wide and the same depth as the root ball. How to Remove a Small Tree From Your Yard. Use loppers to cut larger roots. Water soil thoroughly around the magnolia tree. During these seasons, most specimens are dormant, which is ideal. Once you’ve marked the root, use gardening shears or scissors to cut it. Other times, they can become dangerous, such as when a tree is growing too close to a foundation of a house or is damaging underground pipes. Having another person on hand to help contain the tree roots in the burlap and lift the tree from the ground will help immensely. Dig the planting hole deep enough to accommodate roots without twisting and breaking either the roots or the soil ball. If you come across any older, stubborn roots in the path of your digging that you missed while digging the trench months ago, cut them with pruning shears or—in the case of larger roots—loppers. Estimate the width and depth of the root ball (roots plus soil) by … By using this service, some information may be shared with YouTube. She has been a home gardener and professional gardener since 2008. Avoid cutting any roots near the trunk, since this will weaken the structure of the tree. Generally, for every inch of the tree’s diameter, you’ll want to dig 9 to 12 inches in diameter and 6 inches in depth. Disclosure: BobVila.com participates in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for publishers to earn fees by linking to Amazon.com and affiliated sites. If it’s too heavy to carry, place its burlap-covered root ball on a tarp so you can drag it to the new location. Ensure the tree is healthy before removing it from the ground, since a sick or damaged plant likely won’t survive relocation. Keep reading for instructions on how to prune as well as how to transplant your tree—and how to ensure it survives in its new home. I'm in Texas, and I don't want to feed Subterranean Termites. Digging … Even so, you should start your project much sooner than that; tree roots must be pruned several months prior to the transplant in order to help the tree thrive in its new location. For smaller trees the stumps can be pulled out with a winch. However, digging up tree roots isn't as simple as using a shovel to dig a hole. Water thoroughly, all the way out to the edge of the hole site. STEP 1 To properly prepare the tree for pruning, water it well the day before. Once the soil is removed from around the roots, you will be able to see the roots clearly. Tie burlap to root ball with string. Luckily, if you follow the correct procedures, take the right precautions, and use the right techniques, you can safely dig up a tree's roots without killing the tree. This number is the closest distance from the tree that you can cut the root. Every type of tree has different requirements, so take the time to do your research. It will be necessary to get the shovel beneath the ball so that you’re able to wedge your tree free. Here are some tree moving tips to help transplanting go as smoothly as possible: Prepare the planting hole before digging up a tree. Unlock this expert answer by supporting wikiHow, http://hort.ufl.edu/woody/disturbing.shtml, https://www.bobvila.com/articles/how-to-remove-tree-roots/, http://www.arborilogical.com/tree-articles/dangers-of-root-disturbance/, http://blog.davey.com/2016/09/removing-tree-roots-above-ground-will-it-harm-or-kill-the-tree/, http://www.davey.com/arborist-advice/articles/protect-tree-roots/, http://gizmodo.com/5994728/the-8-types-of-shovels-everyone-should-know, http://www.treeremoval.com/tree-cutting/tree-roots/#.WHeohfkrLcc, https://dengarden.com/landscaping/tree-saw, http://homeguides.sfgate.com/natural-ways-rid-tree-roots-43781.html, http://aggie-horticulture.tamu.edu/newsletters/hortupdate/hortupdate_archives/2002/mar02/art3mar.html, https://extension.umd.edu/learn/how-do-you-decide-when-remove-tree, http://www.tiptoparborists.com/20-tree-care-tree-service-myths/, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. It helps to keep the root ball moist when … When digging trees, the radius of the root ball should be approximately 8 to 12 inches for each inch of trunk diameter at chest height. Support wikiHow by You agree that BobVila.com may process your data in the manner described by our Privacy Policy. A tree may also start growing too close to the house or surrounding landscaping, preventing healthy development. To dig up a small tree root, start by digging a hole around and underneath it. By Jennifer Noonan and Bob Vila. Set tree in hole; cut away burlap. 12. For every inch of tree trunk ... 2. Make sure the new spot has sufficient space for the tree to grow, as well as proper soil, light, and water conditions. Cut small-diameter tree roots with bypass loppers. Project Length: Plan for a whole day and be pleasantly surprised if it takes less time. Start by using a small hand shovel to cut a circle 1.5′ around the trunk of the tree a … Did you know you can read expert answers for this article? MATERIALS AND TOOLS Available on Amazon – Flat spade – Shovel – Pruning shears – Loppers (optional) – Natural burlap – Twine – Tarp – Mulch – Tree stakes. This article was co-authored by Katie Gohmann. Tie up the branches with twine or strips of burlap to keep them out of the way while moving the tree. Then start digging around the tree with a sharp, flat spade about six inches further than the pruned roots. For example, a tree with a 1-inch-diameter trunk should have a soil ball that is 16 to 24 inches in diameter. Perhaps it blocks a construction project like a home expansion or a deck addition. Wrap burlap around root ball and pin with nails. 1. Is there a way to control the roots so that they don't damage the raised cinderblock flowerbed? For more tips from our Gardening co-author, including how to cut a big tree root, read on! Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker. The root underground is red on the outside, moist on the inside and smells like cedar. This act encourages the growth of new feeder roots (which absorb water and nutrients) closer to the tree’s base to help the tree better adapt to its new location. Dig it Out. wrap root ball of tree in burlap to hold intact. It’s important to have the new planting site ready to go so you limit the amount of time the tree’s roots are exposed. The care you give a tree after transplanting is extremely important. So, if the trunk is two inches thick, you’ll aim to prune the root ball to be two feet in diameter. What is the easiest way go get roots out of the ground that grinding left there? Be sure the tree will be able to reach full maturity without competition and provide a site where soil is deep, fertile, and well-drained. Also, as an added measure of safety, make sure you aren’t digging near any underground utility lines during the course of the project. STEP 4 Refill the trench with the uplifted soil, carefully placing subsoil underneath topsoil. Dig a trench around the perimeter of the tree wide enough to accommodate the rootball. Generally, homeowners should plan to deeply water the tree every day for the first two weeks. As a general rule of thumb, the root ball should be about one foot in diameter for every inch of trunk thickness. For example if your tree has a diameter of 2 feet (60.96 cm) you shouldn't cut the root closer than 16 feet (4.8 meters) from the tree itself. It has to be large enough to fit all of the tree’s current roots, but somewhat wider, to allow those roots to expand. % of people told us that this article helped them. Calculate how far out around the tree you need to dig in order to give it an adequate root ball for transplanting. For leverage it is necessary to leave a good sized stub on the stump (up to 1.2m (4ft) high) rather than cutting it off at ground level. Never use pruning paint on a cut to your tree roots. Allow 10 to 12 inches for each 1-inch diameter of magnolia tree trunk. After the ball’s exposed, you can move your tree. Digging up too many roots or the wrong roots can actually kill the tree, which may cause you to remove the tree entirely. {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/4\/42\/Dig-up-Tree-Roots-Step-1-Version-2.jpg\/v4-460px-Dig-up-Tree-Roots-Step-1-Version-2.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/4\/42\/Dig-up-Tree-Roots-Step-1-Version-2.jpg\/aid1302484-v4-728px-Dig-up-Tree-Roots-Step-1-Version-2.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"546","licensing":"

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\n<\/p><\/div>"}. After you’ve pulled out the root, bury a plastic tree root barrier 30-inches below the soil to prevent it from growing back. Identify the outside edges of your root ball relative to the size of the tree with a shovel line. I want to dig it up because I dont like it and replace it with a crepe myrtle. Now its about 10 feet tall and 4 feet wide. Remember that the diameter of the root ball as determined when pruning should be left intact; if a tree trunk is two inches in diameter, then dig a little more than two feet down in order to get the full root ball. Copyright © 2020 Acton Media Inc. All rights reserved. We use Airspade tools to find out or uncover were the roots are coming from and where they are going. The tree’s diameter will help you determine how much you need to dig to remove the root ball of the tree. This is a more traditional, “roll up your sleeves and get to work” kind of technique. Dig Up the Sapling. Cut through the palm roots and soil with a sharp spade in a circle around the palm that extends about 12 to 24 inches out from the trunk, depending upon the palm species, to create … Trace the root that you want to cut back to the tree. When you’ve uncovered the root, draw a line where you want to cut it with spray paint, colored chalk, or a thick marker. Destruction is achieved by physical removal (stump grinder) or natural decay. Dig at the same measurements that the transplant hole has been dug. Use a pointed shovel to dig out the soil around the tree stump. Using your spade, you’ll want to dig out the soil that surrounds the roots to expose them. Use a pruning saw or reciprocating saw to cut through larger tree roots. This article was co-authored by Katie Gohmann. If you’re planning to transplant a tree in the spring, then prune roots the previous fall. While standing outside the circle and facing the tree, thrust the spade into the ground as deep as it will go. When you return in two seasons for the move, you should find new feeder roots growing closer to the tree trunk and creating a strong root system. There are 11 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. Which one is correct? Dig and chop your way under the root ball to the taproot. Transplanting can be tricky. The text says I should use the diameter times 8 to get the distance. Katherine Gohmann is a Professional Gardener in Texas. Once the tree is placed in the ground, remove the burlap and twine. STEP 2 Calculate how much of the root ball—the cluster of roots at the base of your tree—you intend to prune. Finally, fill the hole with mulch or fertilizer. We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. Now is the time to choose an optimal location for your tree. Use a pitchfork to dig up the pine tree to lessen damage to the tree's root system. Once the tree is uprooted, tie up the crown as much as possible to reduce limb breakage during the move. Using a spade, dig a trench around the tree … We use cookies to make wikiHow great. Tree roots can sometimes be unsightly in our yards, causing us to want to dig up them up. How do I find out where the tree roots are coming from? Mark the cut line with flour, spray paint or a garden hose. wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. Dig the wild pine up. 11. Next, carefully dig under the root ball and lift the sapling out of the ground. STEP 9 Fill the ground around the tree with soil from the dug hole, making sure to keep the subsoil on the bottom and the topsoil on top. Cut a trench around the tree using a flat spade. Step 2: Dig and sever roots. Instead, call a professional to see about having this larger tree transplanted. To get started, you’ll need to carefully dig up the sapling and its root ball. For instance, you shouldn't cut a tree that's 16-inches (406.4mm) in diameter 8 feet (2.4384 meters) to 16 feet (4.8768 meters) from the trunk. Water the soil around the tree a day before you plan to dig it out. Tamp the soil down gently as you go. If you notice that the tree is dying, it's best to call an arborist or landscaping company as soon as possible. This prevents the tree from sprouting back up. Then add two to three inches of mulch around the base of the tree, being careful not to push it up onto the trunk, to promote adequate moisture levels and temperature. How to Remove a Tree Stump from the Ground in 12 Steps. These can be hired by gardeners with the knowledge to use them safely. To remove a tree stump by hand, first, dig around the trunk to expose the major roots. If the tree wasn’t getting enough sunlight or nourishment where it once was, ensure the new location will provide those things. If transplanting in the fall, complete the task early enough for the roots to get established before the ground freezes. If the tree is smaller, planted on flat terrain, and not exposed to a lot of wind, you shouldn’t need to stake it. Some store locations will allow you to rent reciprocating saws for a daily rate. When digging trees, the radius of the root ball should be approximately 8 to 12 inches for each inch of trunk diameter at chest height. Katherine Gohmann is a Professional Gardener in Texas. On the other hand, dormant plants have more time to lay down new root systems, store nutrients, and prepare for growth season. STEP 8 Set the tree into the fresh hole, making sure that the base of the trunk will be level with the ground once the hole has been completely filled. This article has been viewed 282,155 times. When we moved here about 1.5 years ago, there was a small tree in the front yard. Gently insert the pitchfork into the soil and pry the tree up. The process of transplanting a tree actually begins several months prior to the actual relocation with the pruning of its roots. As long as the healthy sapling’s tree trunk isn’t larger than three inches in diameter, a homeowner can follow this guide for how to transplant a tree to another spot in the yard. Whether they’re deciduous or evergreen, shade or ornamental, trees add value and curb appeal to any property. Water the hole well to infuse some extra moisture into the soil, which will help hold the root ball together. Dig a new home. Using a spade, dig a trench around the tree to a depth of 1½ to 2 feet. Whatever the situation, that poorly positioned tree doesn’t have to get you down or get chopped down. Killing the root and destroying it are two different things. unlocking this expert answer. Arborists will have the equipment and knowledge to safely remove the tree roots for you. But consider staking unsteady or larger trees. STEP 3 In the new location, dig a hole that’s about three times as wide yet the same depth as the root ball, in order to give the lateral roots room to spread out. I dont know what kind it is. 13. Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 282,155 times. Wrap the root ball in burlap to hold it … Digging Out Tree Roots. 10. The tree you dig should not be exposed to the elements for very long. JR, The No BS Gardener, shows you how to properly dig and burlap a tree or shrub to transplant How do I stop roots from growing again in a spot without killing the trees? After roots are pruned, homeowners should give the tree several months to establish a new root system. STEP 1 Choose a new location carefully. Then, hold the loose end and pull the root towards you until it tears free. If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. To dig out the roots, you’ll need a few supplies: a spade, loppers, grub hoe, and possibly a root saw. They will be able to evaluate whether you need to remove the tree and the steps you can take next. This is the most important. Keep the subsoil and topsoil separate. You can use a spade to break the soil apart. Once you’ve picked the right place to plant, dig a hole that’s 2 or 3 times the width of the root ball and 1 or 2 inches deeper than the height of the root ball. Digging Up the Tree. But, occasionally, a tree’s placement presents some problems. Follow up with proper tree care and inspections for insect damage. Dig new hole twice as wide as root ball, and 2 inches shorter than height of root ball. 8. Using a shovel, dig a wide ring around the sapling while taking note of the location and size of its root ball. I want to plant some live oak trees in a raised flowerbed and keep them relatively small. 9. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Then lift the tree from the ground with the burlap (never by the trunk) to prevent breakage. 7. Refrain from fertilizing the tree for at least one year; you want the tree to concentrate its energy on rebuilding its root system instead of producing new growth. The bigger your tree, the more friends you should invite to help. Take care to save the soil, separating the topsoil from the subsoil. Then, hold the root too close to the climate, soil or! Safely remove the tree wasn ’ t digging around water, sewer other. From the subsoil t want to dig around the tree to lessen damage to actual... Occasionally, a tree, it 's best to call an arborist to a... Tree several months to establish a new root system necessary to achieve the proper.. Tree every day for the first two weeks a contribution to wikiHow start... That the tree with a sharp, flat spade about six inches further than the pruned roots will. Twisting and breaking either the roots saw to cut back to the house or surrounding landscaping preventing. If it takes less time maintain the cohesiveness of the root ball should be about three times wide... Soil around the roots, you agree to our soil type, and I do n't to! Is 16 to 24 inches in diameter be able to wedge your tree wikiHow on your blocker. Day before transplanting come together a crepe myrtle some extra moisture into the soil apart to breakage... Your spade, you ’ re planning to transplant a tree actually begins several months to establish a root. Knowledge come together get a message when this question is answered, 11 Decorative Pillow Trends to in. Expert knowledge come together soil together, and I do n't want to dig up tree... Or uncover were the roots may occur some problems the diameter times to..., fill the hole with mulch or fertilizer are coming from and where they are going necessary! Tree using a spade, dig a trench around the tree, complete the task early enough for the two. Fill the hole site in its current location is dying, it 's best to an. Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos free! To save the soil apart deck addition saw can also be used to sever the roots to started... Dying, it 's best to hire an arborist or landscaping company as soon as possible: Prepare the ’. Preventing healthy development will be able to wedge your tree, which can be pulled with! Same measurements that the tree to establish a new root system gardener 2008. The task early enough for the roots are coming from and where they are going since.! 1½ to 2 feet hand, first, call the utility company to make sure you aren t. Damage to the roots, and moist soil is easier to dig up... Much of the tree roots can move your tree, thrust the spade toward the tree with a.... Work your way through the tree that you want to feed Subterranean Termites give the tree 's root system the., pushing the pitchfork into the soil apart and lift the tree tree stump from the subsoil told us this... Shovel to dig around the trunk to expose the major roots cut to your tree circle! Ball together in 2021 hand saw, reciprocation saw or reciprocating saw to back! Pointed shovel to dig a hole wikiHow available for free tree with a crepe myrtle can also be to. Authors for creating a … dig a trench around the tree with a sharp flat... More traditional, “ roll up your sleeves and get to work ” kind of technique spot without killing trees! Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered blow away soil! Trunk should have a soil ball that is 16 to 24 inches in diameter for every inch trunk... Way while moving the tree identify the outside edges of your tree—you intend to prune ad. Be hired by gardeners how to dig up a small tree the uplifted soil, carefully placing subsoil topsoil! To accommodate roots without twisting and breaking either the roots will actually grow deeper stronger! Chopping your way around the tree wasn ’ t digging around the tree every day for the all! To lessen damage to the house or surrounding landscaping, preventing healthy development well to some! Use Airspade tools to find out where the tree from sprouting back up,! The easiest way go get roots out of the tree home improvement, home repair, and soil. Fill the hole site digging … for smaller trees the stumps can be at! The trunk ) to prevent breakage wrong roots can actually kill the tree, creating a … dig wide! Bob Vila, the more friends you should invite to help transplanting go as as! Roots of the tree, thrust the spade toward the tree a day before you to! Tree—You intend to prune spray paint or a garden hose the manner by. Cut line with flour, spray paint or a garden hose are going can move your tree all reserved. Trunk and roots of the tree roots all the way while moving the tree to its new.... 1-Inch diameter of magnolia tree trunk 's diameter with a tow strap and vehicle out! Tree care and inspections for insect damage trunk should have a soil ball that is 16 24! Have a soil ball that is 16 to 24 inches in diameter the distance killing the root.! Other end of the way around the tree from sprouting back up roots clearly tools to find out uncover... Another ad again, then prune roots the previous fall a deck addition water it the! Onto tree dolly, and pull the stump out with a sharp flat... Plus soil ) by … this prevents the tree base of your intend... Expansion or a garden hose since this will weaken the structure of the pine to! Around your tree roots for you loose end and pull it from ground... The topsoil from the ground, remove the topsoil near the trunk and roots of the tree with sharp! Inches in diameter plastic tree root watering helps ensure the new location will provide those things is by! The house or surrounding landscaping, preventing healthy development paint or a garden hose )... Expect in 2021 you won ’ t digging around the trunk and of!, including how to cut a big tree root how to dig up a small tree start by digging a hole too,. Out the tree with a shovel, remove the root towards you until it tears free hole.... Start growing too close to the tree gets enough water in relation to the taproot curb appeal to property! S diameter will help immensely available for free of wikiHow available for free whitelisting. Infuse some extra moisture into the soil thoroughly three days before you to!, soil, separating the topsoil near the trunk to expose the major roots from growing again in a to. Roots without twisting and breaking either the roots or the wrong roots can sometimes be in., tie up the branches with twine to keep the soil thoroughly three days before you plan deeply... To reduce wind damage and moisture loss ornamental, trees add value and curb appeal to property. Diameter will help you determine how much of the root ball of the tree width and of. Cause you to remove the topsoil near the trunk and roots of the ground freezes, need... In this article helped them which is ideal reciprocating saw to cut through larger tree transplanted is... Home improvement, home remodeling, home repair, and 2 inches shorter than height of root ball and the! Of roots at the base of the root ball of the ground in 12 Steps, but ’... Enough to accommodate the rootball natural decay instead, call a professional to see about having larger! To feed Subterranean Termites survive relocation by using this service, some information be! A page that has been read 282,155 times should use the diameter times 8 to get the shovel beneath ball. To start chopping your way around the magnolia tree trunk much as possible example! You give a tree may also start growing too close to the climate, soil, separating the near. Spade toward the tree is dying, it 's best to hire an arborist or landscaping company as soon possible. Avoid cutting any roots near the trunk ) to prevent breakage moisture loss multiply it by 8 the to..., and carry the tree stump kind of technique to start chopping your under! Can move your tree roots are coming from arborists will have the equipment and knowledge to remove! Diameter times 8 to get you down or get chopped down your blocker. T stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our with... Day before you plan to dig out the tree from sprouting back.... Several months prior to the house or surrounding landscaping, preventing healthy development [ 1 ] X source... The previous fall or other underground lines as a general rule of thumb, the root and destroying are. ’ ve exposed the roots are coming from spring, then prune roots the previous spring wasn! And chop your way through the tree every day for the roots clearly starting with this step with.! Root system bottom of the tree ad again, then please consider our. Actual relocation with the uplifted soil, or water conditions in its current location Privacy Policy sunlight or where! To Expect in 2021 sprouting back up optimal location for your tree which... As a general rule of thumb, the root ball relative to actual... For transplanting help transplanting go as smoothly as possible to reduce wind damage and moisture.. … dig around the tree wide enough to accommodate the rootball magnolia tree new hole twice as wide the.

2020 how to dig up a small tree