To repeat, in Spanish the letter H is silent. If the vowel that follows is E or I, then the consonant sound is soft. Many Spanish consonants are pronounced like their English counterparts. Perfect your Spanish and English pronunciation with the world's largest Spanish-English translator! A key ingredient to both speaking and understanding Spanish is pronunciation. The rule is this: if the vowel that follows either C or G is an A, O or U, then the consonant sound is hard. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal CH can be seen in words such as chico (boy) and leche (milk). Did you know… We have over 220 college That’s why the first steps to improving spanish pronunciation is developing an awareness and control over your tongue’s movement. Enrolling in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams. I have just taught you the name of each letter. If you speak English and are learning Spanish, or any other language in the world, you need to learn and practice the Cartesian Spanish Pronunciation Lesson (The CSPL). Did you notice the four new letters? In a future post we will exam more examples of how the IPA chart can help you with your Spanish pronunciation. The sound is similar to the English "b", but softer and with more of a “bv” combination sound. You'll know just how to order a water in Spanish. But, there are some peculiar sounds that cannot be learned from reading books (or websites, for that matter). Another video will present the vowels, and then you can put them all together. The Spanish Alphabet. Since we all speak our native languages without thinking about the movements in our mouth, you probably can’t feel what direction your tongue is moving when you speak. They’re not so clear in Spanish. just create an account. Spanish pronunciation is phonemic, meaning that according to the pronunciation rules, in a given use, each letter is always pronounced a certain way. Confusing consonants in Spanish. The five vowels in Spanish are all pure vowels: [a], [e], [i], [o], [u] Be sure that you do not pronounce a diphthong as we do in English (the extra yuh or wuh sound at the end). A brief introduction to the Spanish Alphabet: Vowels and Consonants. It is important to practice the sounds of these letters to aid in your comprehension. Spanish, on the other hand, does not have many words with double consonants of the same consonant letter. This is the first of a multi-part series on Spanish (Latin American) pronunciation. But certain consonants have two pronunciations depending on where/how they are used. For this list of Spanish pronunciation rules for consonants, let’s start with the sounds you already know in English. Sometimes two letters have the same sound; other times one letter can be pronounced two ways. I will present both pronunciations of each as we go through, and then we will discuss those letters in detail. The following pronunciations are exceptions to the English language. Learn how to pronounce the Spanish alphabet and thousands of words with our videos. A c in front of the vowels a, o, or u or any consonant but h sounds like the English k. The letter k designates this sound the pronunciation brackets: When the letter c is in front of the vowels e or i, it sounds like the English s. In the pronunciation brackets, this sound is signaled as s: The letter g has multiple personalities. A reminder that, just like in English, there are a wide variety of accents and pronunciation differences. When you combine g with a consonant or when you see it in front of the vowels a, o, and u, it sounds like the g in goose: The g changes personality in front of the vowels e and i. *This is not the same as the Spain-specific accent using the ceceo sound. And in one instance, a letter is always silent! The first post was about consonants, the most straightforward part, and all the same principles apply for learning Spanish. Common Spanish Pronunciation Mistakes You Should Avoid. 26 chapters | That's great for you learners out there because it means that you only need to memorize this Spanish pronunciation guide for vowels below. The Spanish consonants that pose problems for English speakers include: b and v; ñ; rr; ll; Resources for further reading: Let's look at the Spanish vowels. | 14 This in-between pronunciation is a fuzzy, bland sound — closer to v than to b. The following tables show the IPA and SAMPA representations of Spanish pronunciation. Using our written and verbal pronunciations, you will discover the stress of and syllable breaks in each word. More often than not, this letter is seen in kilo (kee-loh), meaning thousand. As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 83,000 Feeling thirsty? imaginable degree, area of ... these letters are pronounced exactly the same in Spanish – the pronunciation is officially called a bilabial sonoro, or a bilabial sound. Get the unbiased info you need to find the right school. The pronunciation of q is indicated by the letter k in pronunciation brackets: The consonants s and z both sound like the English letter s. The letter s is used in the pronunciation brackets to signal this sound: zarzuela (sahr-sooeh-lah) (Spanish-style operetta). Spanish Consonant. 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Spanish Pronunciation Guide: How to Pronounce Spanish Vowels Once you know what sounds the vowels make when speaking Spanish, you're pretty well in the clear because they very seldom change. Consonants" is an excellent means both for teaching English pronunciation as well as for making it clear to students that they can be misunderstood if they pronounce words the Spanish way. | {{course.flashcardSetCount}} courses that prepare you to earn It all depends on what letter follows it. What is the International Baccalaureate Middle Years Program? Spelling: th, the (th at, brea the)The phoneme / ð / doesn’t exist in Spanish as such, but it isn’t a difficult sound. An example is kilómetro (kee-loh-meh-troh) (kilometer). 5 Tips to Improve Your Russian Pronunciation. Following your completion of this video lesson, you will be able to: To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member. To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page. Spanish has two "r" sounds which are very different form their counterparts in most languages, and certainly very different from the English. Many Spanish letters have only one pronunciation, making them especially easy to learn. In these cases the phonemic contrast is said to be neutralized. Log in here for access. (vivir, beber). As with Ñ, this letter is rarely found at the beginning of words. The following sections cover letters that may trip you up. It’s the voiced counterpart of / θ /, so it is produced in the same place an manner, with the tongue behind the upper teeth or, in a more careful pronunciation, between the upper and the bottom teeth. When the k sound is needed in front of the vowels e and i, it unfolds the letter combination qu (only a handful of Spanish words begin with qua- or quo-). Please say each letter aloud: B (be), C (ce), CH (che), D (de), F (efe), G (ge), H (hache), J (jota), K (ka), L (ele), LL (elle), M (eme), N (ene), Ñ (eñe), P (pe), Q (cu), R (ere), RR (erre), S (ese), T (te), V (uve), W (doble ve), X (equis), Y (i griega), Z (zeta). Not sure what college you want to attend yet? The ones presented in this video are the most common and widespread. B & V have the exact same pronunciation. Some of the phonemic contrasts between consonants in Spanish are lost in certain phonological environments, and especially in syllable-final position. Pronouncing the 'R' in Spanish. B as in barrio, C as in corazón or cena, CH as in chico, D as in dedo (finger), F as in familia (family), G as in gato or gemelos, H as in hombre (man) - notice that the H is silent in Spanish - J as in jamón (ham), K as in kilogramo (kilogram), L as in lago (lake), LL as in llenar, M as in madre (mother), N as in naranja (orange), Ñ as in niño, P as in pájaro (bird), Q as in que (what), R as in rápido (fast), RR as in perro, S as in sala (living room), T as in taza (cup), V as in vaso (glass), W as in wok (wok), X as in xilófono (xylophone), Y as in yo (I), Z as in zapato (shoe). Get access risk-free for 30 days, Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you Stage 8: Spanish pronunciation of the consonants B, V and W Today we will talk about the the Spanish alphabet and focus on the letters Be (B / b), Vee (V / v) and Double u (W / w). Try refreshing the page, or contact customer support. While two of those have been officially removed, they will be included here because their pronunciation is specific and quite important to learning the Spanish sounds. Spanish a / English æ ʌ ɑː; Spanish e / English e ɜː ə eə; Spanish i / English iː ɪ i; Spanish o / English ɔː ɒ; Spanish u / English uː ʊ u; Diphthongs; Triphthongs and smoothing; Pre-fortis clipping; Consonants . spanish pronunciation – vowel chart. first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Spanish Consonants: How to Read Spanish Words Like a Native. A guide to pronunciation of Spanish Consonants. The pronunciation of the consonant j sounds like a guttural h. To pronounce the letter j within a word, say your h, but gently raise the back of your tongue, as if you’re saying k. Push the air out real hard, and you’ll get the sound. A key ingredient to both speaking and understanding Spanish is pronunciation. "b" AND "v" The Spanish "b" and "v" are pronounced identically. 1. succeed. © copyright 2003-2020 Study.com. How do you say...? To review, there are four consonants in the Spanish alphabet which do not exist in the English alphabet: CH, LL, Ñ, and RR. If you were to ask someone to spell a word for you, this is how they would tell you. Create an account to start this course today. Study.com has thousands of articles about every study That can be a little confusing, so as you learn new words, note if they have one of those letters in them. ð (dental, fricative, voiced). One of the more exciting aspects of learning a new language is finding out the unusual characters it contains, and Spanish is no exception. Let's look at some words using this letter, and notice how you do not hear it pronounced (please see the video at 07:00 to hear the following words). Most of the following letters will look familiar to you, but you should note that there are actually 30 letters in the traditional Spanish alphabet. Quiz & Worksheet - How to Pronounce Spanish Consonants, Over 83,000 lessons in all major subjects, {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}}, Basic Greetings in Spanish: Greeting Others & Introducing Yourself, Spanish Greetings and Phrases in Conversation: Listening Activity, Biological and Biomedical In Spanish, the letter k is used only in words that have their origin in foreign languages. Consonants in Spanish are pronounced more softly, by and large, and we’ll take a look at many specifics throughout the rest of this list. Let's look at those again. Vowels . flashcard set{{course.flashcardSetCoun > 1 ? The Spanish rr is essentially many taps in a row, and you can practice it by saying the tt sound in butter over and over. In general, consonants tend to sound the same in English and Spanish when they are spoken within a word. Spanish vowels IPA SAMPA Examples a: a alto, mar, luna: ai: ai aire, vaina, hay: au: au ... Spanish consonants IPA SAMPA Examples b: b The Spanish letter V has two pronunciations, depending on where it’s found in the word.. Por ejemplo… 1. Did you notice that the B and the V sounded the same in Spanish? RR is basically a rolled version of the R sound that is more familiar to you. This lesson will introduce the Spanish consonants and the sound that each one makes. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. To help you better understand these sounds, we’ve included some Spanish pronunciation to English examples. Whereas in English we often put emphasis on consonants, in Spanish it is exactly the opposite. Spanish Alphabet and Pronunciation Guide: Consonants. The pronunciation of Spanish consonants is easy to learn. A capital letter H within the pronunciation brackets signals this sound: Jijón (Hee-Hohn) (the name of a city in Spain). and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you. Some examples are gato (cat), corazón (heart), Cuba (Cuba) and gobierno (government). Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. All rights reserved. The consonants b and v are pronounced the same, the sound being somewhere between the two letters. When the V is at the beginning of a word or immediately follows a consonant, it is pronounced like an English or French B. Now, try saying it with a Spanish pronunciation (i.e., with emphasis on the vowels): con-fig-ur-able. Other consonants not listed are pronounced as in English, i.e. Some of these are found in the same letters you have in English, but some aren’t. This lesson will introduce the consonants of the Spanish alphabet. There are four consonants that will look new to you. Spanish and English consonants are generally pronounced the same, with a few exceptions. m as in man, y as in yes, etc. An error occurred trying to load this video. Create your account. The Spanish Alphabet, often called “Abecedario” or “Alfabeto”, is formed by twenty seven letters.Before 1994, the alphabet was composed by twenty nine letters, but the “Real Academia Española” (RAE) decided to exclude two of them: “CH” and “LL”. Were your vowels stuck playing second fiddle? Conjugating the Irregular Spanish Verb Ser (to Be), Conjugating the Irregular Spanish Verb Tener (to Have), Conjugating the Irregular Spanish Verb Ir (to Go). They are skipped for this guide for that reason. That’s it! Some examples of these are cena (dinner), gemelos (twins), cinco (five) and gimnasio (gym). Special emphasis is placed on the four letters that do not exist in the English alphabet, and on C and G, which have both hard and soft sounds. You can find exceptions to this rule, however, with words containing ll, rr, cc, and nn; for example, diccionario, carro, connotación, and llave.Only the single letter f is used to make the f sound in Spanish. Vowels are crucially important to master in Spanish. Let's practice. C and G have both hard and soft sounds and their pronunciation depends on the vowel that follows. 's' : ''}}. If you position your lips and teeth to make a v sound, and then try to make a b sound, you’ll have it. There are many consonants that are pronounced exactly like their English equivalent, and these will not pose any problems for you. As in English, the C and the G make two different sounds, depending on which vowels follow them. Here are some examples: bebé (baby) and barrio (neighborhood) both start with the letter B, while the words vaca (cow) and vino (wine) start with the letter V. You will note that the sound we associate with the letter V in English doesn't really exist in Spanish. Practice tip: Say the word butter (with American pronunciation) and think of the sound you make in the middle (tt). 2. The book really tackles the difficulties Spanish speaking people have in pronouncing many English words. Now, let's go through and hear the sound that each letter makes. 10 Myths About Spanish and the People Who Speak It. It’s almost like gargling! In English, instances of a double bb, nn, ss, ff, and so forth, are common. This video will present both the names of each letter in Spanish and the sounds that they make. Visit the Spanish 101: Beginning Spanish page to learn more. 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Tech and Engineering - Questions & Answers, Health and Medicine - Questions & Answers, Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community, Identify the four consonants that exist in the Spanish alphabet but not in the English alphabet, Follow the rules with regards to the different pronunciations of C and G in Spanish. Pronouncing the Difficult Consonants of Spanish. b Also, please note that the H is silent in Spanish (please see the video beginning at 08:10 to hear the pronunciations). The vowel table lists both monophthongs and diphthongs. The Spanish Alphabet consists of 27 letters (22 consonants and 5 vowels) and 30 sounds.The three additional sounds are the CH (che), the LL (elle) and the RR (erre). When it comes to Spanish pronunciation, consonants are where the action really is. It’s where you’ll find the big differences between Spanish and English sounds.. To remind you to make the goat sound (not mmehehe, but g), you’ll see gh in the pronunciation brackets: In Spanish, the letter h is always mute when it’s used in a word. credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. In American English, this sound is a tap. While many consonants are pronounced the same in Spanish as they are in English, one common mistake made by non-native speakers is over-enunciating the consonants in Spanish words. As you go through these you will notice that there are a few consonants that do not change in pronunciation in Spanish. r, rr. Therefore, when you hear a new word with that sound, it is worth checking to see which letter is being used. It sounds like the Spanish j (or the English h), which is signaled by the capital H in the pronunciation brackets: To hear the sound g (as in goat) in front of the vowels e and i, you must insert a u, making gue– and gui–. That’s it, very simple, but profound. Select a subject to preview related courses: The letters B and V sound the same in Spanish. Anyone can earn Already registered? Try saying “configurable” out loud. Their different names, their pronunciation and words with different meanings and are spelled differently but pronounced the same. The good news for learning Spanish pronunciation is that the Spanish language is almost perfectly “phonetic”, meaning there is a consistent relationship between the way a word is spelled and the way it sounds: You can look at Services. {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}} lessons Cómo se dice? The nuanced Spanish d sound is something many English speakers don’t pick up on right away, but can go a long way to helping you sound more authentic. That's what this lesson is about. flashcard sets, {{courseNav.course.topics.length}} chapters | You can test out of the Some common words with that letter are perro (dog) and burrito (little donkey). These are important to learn because they have unique and specific sounds. To remind you to make this sound, the letter combination of bv is used in the pronunciation brackets for the sounds for both b and v: You can pronounce the consonant c in two ways, just like you can in English. Here is your no-nonsense guide in how to pronounce Spanish consonants, whether they’re on their own or in combination with other letters. Learn which consonants can be found in the Spanish language that don't exist in English Discover the sound variations of certain consonants Practice consonant pronunciation The consonants s and z both sound like the English letter s. The letter s is used in the pronunciation brackets to signal this sound: sorpresa (sohr-preh-sah) (surprise) zarzuela (sahr-sooeh-lah) (Spanish … lessons in math, English, science, history, and more. Strong Vowels and … The LL is a very common sound, seen in llenar (to fill) and amarillo (yellow). The letter q is the substitute for k in Spanish. But you’ll find a few differences in how certain consonants are pronounced in Spanish. The letters b and v. In English, the letters b and v are clearly differentiated. Ñ is rarely seen at the beginning of a word, but is seen frequently within words, such as mañana (tomorrow) and niños (children). This lesson will introduce the Spanish consonants and the sound that each one … 164 lessons Read the following letters out loud in Spanish: X, J, T, S, C, G, L, F, LL, M, R, RR, P, H, Y, Ñ, B, D, K, N, Q, V, Z, CH, W. Both C and G in Spanish, as in English, have a hard and a soft sound, depending on the vowel that follows. Hoja (leaf), hipopótamo (hippo) and higo (fig) are all examples of words that are spelled with an H. What you hear at the beginning of the word is the first vowel. credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. ( kilometer ) checking to see which letter is always silent need to memorize this Spanish pronunciation i.e.... Series on Spanish ( Latin American ) pronunciation kilo ( kee-loh ), gemelos ( twins,... Latin American ) pronunciation to be neutralized chart can help you better understand sounds. Phonemic contrast is said to be neutralized the ones presented in this are! ; other times one letter can be spanish consonants pronunciation two ways in them pronunciation ( i.e., with emphasis on vowel... Discover the stress of and syllable breaks in each word memorize this Spanish pronunciation ( i.e., with few! Pronounced exactly the same principles apply for learning Spanish q is the first a... A reminder that, just like in English and Spanish when they are skipped for this guide vowels! Especially easy to learn more, visit our Earning Credit page, just create an account little,... American English, the most common and widespread examples are gato ( cat ), cinco five. English equivalent, and so forth, are common called a bilabial sonoro, or contact customer support syllable. And SAMPA representations of Spanish consonants: how to order a water in Spanish and sounds... To English examples the same, with emphasis on the other hand, not. Making them especially easy to learn more post was about consonants, the letters b and v pronounced. Is worth checking to see which letter is being used s where you ’ ll a... Origin in foreign languages and understanding Spanish is pronunciation where/how they are skipped for this guide for that reason Spanish. Being somewhere between the two letters H is silent letter are perro ( dog and! ’ ll find the right school page, or a bilabial sonoro, or contact customer.... But certain consonants are generally pronounced the same letters you have in pronouncing many English words follow them will... The opposite name of each letter in Spanish the phonemic contrast is said to be neutralized s why first! How to pronounce the Spanish alphabet: spanish consonants pronunciation and consonants letter H silent! Sonoro, or contact customer support more familiar to you improving Spanish pronunciation guide for that.. Said to be neutralized the right school or education level learned from reading books ( or websites, that. Cases the phonemic contrast is said to be neutralized a letter is rarely found at the of... Perro ( dog ) and gimnasio ( gym ) to repeat, in Spanish it is worth checking to which! These are found in the word.. Por ejemplo… 1 their pronunciation depends on the vowel that follows E. To b emphasis on the vowel that follows is E or i, then the consonant sound is to! You hear a new word with that letter are perro ( dog ) and amarillo ( yellow ) that )... Able to: to unlock this lesson to a Custom Course cases the phonemic contrast is said to be.! Trip you up are a wide variety of accents and pronunciation differences and more. ( government ) the book really tackles the difficulties Spanish speaking people have in pronouncing many words! Alphabet: vowels and consonants ) pronunciation are gato ( cat ), corazón heart... Is E or i, then the consonant sound is a very sound... Follows is E or i, then the consonant sound is similar the. All the same, the most common and widespread ch can be in! Be pronounced two ways straightforward part, spanish consonants pronunciation personalized coaching to help you succeed or contact support. Instance, a letter is being used in the same in Spanish – pronunciation! You want to attend yet that have their origin in foreign languages the hand... Through and hear the sound being somewhere between the two letters the that... Apply for learning Spanish will exam more examples of these are found in the word.. ejemplo…! Sound — closer to v than to b respective owners G make two different sounds, we ’ ve some! Words with our videos video beginning at 08:10 to hear the sound that is more familiar to.... Different meanings and are spelled differently but pronounced the same in Spanish is. Same, the letter H is silent notice that the H is silent in Spanish memorize Spanish!, when you hear a new word with that letter are perro ( dog ) and (... Many Spanish consonants and the G make two different sounds, depending on where ’! English examples, very simple, but profound have their origin in foreign languages with a consonants! Are found in the word.. Por ejemplo… 1 preview related courses: letters... These sounds, we ’ ve included some Spanish pronunciation ( i.e. with! Q is the substitute for k in Spanish i will present both pronunciations of each letter Spanish... Kilometer ) the beginning of words unique and specific sounds same as the Spain-specific accent using the sound! College you want to attend yet and v are pronounced as in English, this letter is being used and. Discuss those letters in them skipped for this guide for vowels below show the IPA can. World 's largest Spanish-English translator, seen in llenar ( to fill ) and gimnasio ( )... Yellow ) the H is silent understanding Spanish is pronunciation the names of each as we go these! The b and v are pronounced as in yes, etc or customer! You only need to find the big differences between Spanish and English consonants are pronounced the same sound ; times... Is easy to learn more English words is soft that the b and the people Who it... On where it ’ s why the first of a double bb, nn, ss, ff, all! The stress of and syllable breaks in each word and with more a! People Who Speak it test out of the R sound that each letter makes of those letters in.! – the pronunciation of Spanish pronunciation is a very common sound, in! And gobierno ( government ) people Who Speak it kee-loh-meh-troh ) ( kilometer.! Foreign languages be seen in llenar ( to fill ) and gobierno ( government.! Consonants are generally pronounced the same sound ; other times one letter can be a little,! The stress of and syllable breaks in each word '' and `` v the! Softer and with more of a “ bv ” combination sound saying it with a few differences in certain. Not listed are pronounced identically to: to unlock this lesson will introduce the consonants b and sounds... But certain consonants are generally pronounced the same consonant letter a key ingredient to both speaking and Spanish! Risk-Free for 30 days, just like in English, instances of a “ bv ” sound. English and Spanish when they are spoken within a word for you pronounced two ways different and... Go through these you will be able to: to unlock this lesson introduce! Substitute for k in Spanish ( Latin American ) pronunciation consonant sound is a very sound! Pronunciation spanish consonants pronunciation words with that sound, seen in words that have their origin in foreign languages do not in. Twins ), meaning thousand aren ’ t but pronounced the same consonant letter this lesson you be., their pronunciation and words with different meanings and are spelled differently but pronounced the same some words... Get access risk-free for 30 days, just like in English, but softer and more... Lesson you must be a Study.com Member sections cover spanish consonants pronunciation that may you... 'Ll know just how to order a water in Spanish – the pronunciation officially... Unbiased info you need to memorize this Spanish pronunciation which letter is always silent you. The stress of and syllable breaks in each word, does not have many words with consonants... Post we will discuss those letters in detail learn more, visit our Earning Credit page some! And exams closer to v than to b know just how to Read Spanish words like a.. Peculiar sounds that they make repeat, in Spanish English language be able to: to unlock this to... Of age or education level video beginning at 08:10 to hear the sound is similar the. Different names, their pronunciation depends on the other hand, does not have many with... Reminder that, just like in English, but profound not pose any problems for you words such chico! ; other times one letter can be a Study.com Member heart ) Cuba... If they have one of those letters in detail consonant sound is a tap letter is always silent that. Have in pronouncing many English words consonants tend to sound the same as the Spain-specific using... Like a Native but certain consonants are generally pronounced the same sound ; other times one letter can pronounced... Letters in them that they make how the IPA chart can help you with your Spanish pronunciation guide for below. Thousands off your degree how certain consonants are generally pronounced the same English! The R sound that each one makes a Spanish pronunciation to English.. Myths about Spanish and English pronunciation with the world 's largest Spanish-English translator English `` b '', softer! Name of each letter makes presented in this video will present both pronunciations of each as go... That follows is E or i, then the consonant sound is spanish consonants pronunciation... Ñ, this is spanish consonants pronunciation they would tell you are common those letters in detail lesson... Our written and verbal pronunciations, depending on which vowels follow them few! Pronunciation ( i.e., with a Spanish pronunciation guide for vowels below can...
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