The first is the "wintering population" of a small number of sarus cranes that use wetlands in the state of Punjab during winters. Fun Facts. You can Download To a Pair of Sarus Cranes Poem Questions and Answers Pdf, Notes, Summary Class 10 English Karnataka State Board Solutions to help you to revise complete Syllabus and score more marks in your examinations. These are the blue, red-crowned, sarus, Siberian, wattled, and whooping cranes.  In areas with perennial wetlands on the landscape, such as in western Uttar Pradesh, numbers of nonbreeding sarus cranes in flocks can be relatively stable throughout the year.  New plans for developing the floodplain areas of northern Queensland may have detrimental impacts on breeding sarus crane populations, and require to incorporate the needs of cranes via conservation of a diversity of habitats that are currently found in the region. The Greek word for crane is ÎÎµÏÎ±Î½Î¿Ï (Geranos), which gives us the so called Cranesbill, or hardy geranium. Photo: N. SHIVA KUMAR It is vital that the egg and newborn chick are protected against the elements and feral dogs, so the male and female sarus crane take turns guarding the nest and chick. No distinctive characteristic is known of this population.  An Indian 14-seater propeller aircraft, the Saras, is named after this crane. Increased agricultural intensity is often thought to have led to declines in sarus crane numbers, but they also benefit from wetland crops and the construction of canals and reservoirs. Sarus crane abundance was positively associated with percentage of wetlands on the landscape, and negatively with the percentage of area under rice cultivation. , The sarus crane is classified as vulnerable on the IUCN Red List. Like other cranes, they form long-lasting pair bonds and maintain territories within which they perform territorial and courtship displays that include loud trumpeting, leaps, and dance-like movements. c. it was the bird’s feeling that the sun was reluctant to rise. b. heartlessness of the hunters. Poem brings out a contrast between birds and hunter. The Hindi word is derived from the Sanskrit word sarasa for the "lake bird", (sometimes corrupted to sārhans). The population in Australia (initially placed in A. a. sharpii (sometimes spelt sharpei, but amended to conform to the rules of Latin grammar) was separated and named as the race A. a. gilliae, sometimes spelt gillae or even gilli), prior to a genetic analysis. He was very noisy—the only bad habit he possessed, The Indian state of Uttar Pradesh has declared the sarus crane as its official state bird. Answer: , The nests can be more than 2 m (6 ft) in diameter and nearly 1 m (3 ft) high. Accidental poisoning by monocrotophos, chlorpyrifos and dieldrin-treated seeds used in agricultural areas has been noted. The beautiful, graceful bird was just a piece of meat for him. To a Pair of Sarus Cranes by Manmohan Singh About the Author: Manmohan Singh, an officer of the Indian Administrative Service, is a contemporary poet. âPoetry is my earnest and natural expression, and this book, which is my second, the first being in Hindustani, has been written for my daughter, a constant source of inspiration and encouragement,â reflects Mitwa, at the release of the book (published by Unistar), at Punjab Kala Bhawan on Tuesday. 108 BARABOO, WI â The International Crane Foundation will celebrate its annual Cranes of the World Festival Saturday, August 5, from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m., at its global headquarters in Baraboo, Wisconsin.. Come meet all 15 species of cranes from around the world. , Eggs are often destroyed at the nest by jungle (Corvus macrorhynchos) and house crows (C. splendens) in India. and sat to hatch/the bloodstained feathers/into a toddling chick’. 2nd PUC Model Question Papers with Answers, 1st PUC Model Question Papers with Answers, KSEEB SSLC Class 10 Social Science Solutions, KSEEB Solutions for Class 9 Social Science, Karnataka Board SSLC Hindi Question Paper June 2018, Karnataka Class 10 English Solutions Chapter 7 The Girl who was Anne Frank, KSEEB SSLC Class 10 Maths Solutions Karnataka State Syllabus, KSEEB SSLC Class 10 Science Solutions Chapter 16 Sustainable Management of Natural Resources, KSEEB Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 9 Polynomials Ex 9.4, KSEEB Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 1 Arithmetic Progressions Ex 1.4, KSEEB Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 14 Probability Ex 14.2, KSEEB Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 3 Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables Ex 3.7, KSEEB Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 2 Triangles Ex 2.6, KSEEB SSLC Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 10 Quadratic Equations Ex 10.4, KSEEB SSLC Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 8 Real Numbers Ex 8.2, KSEEB SSLC Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 1 Arithmetic Progressions Ex 1.2, KSEEB Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 15 Surface Areas and Volumes Ex 15.5. Answer:  The global range has shrunk and the largest occupied area, and the largest known population, is in India. The species was a close contender to the Indian peafowl as the national bird of India.  This has been corroborated by nDNA microsatellite analyses on a large and widely distributed set of individuals in the sample. The female bird hadn’t known grief or sadness before. Eggs are chalky white and weigh about 240 grams. In India, the bird is mainly found in Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and northeast. GA This article has been rated as GA-Class on the project's quality scale. Question 4. (a) sunrise. Young sarus cranes have brownish feathers that turn gray as the bird gets older. Finally, a wave that the female crane had never seen before comes and sweeps her away to death and closer to the dead male crane. The male Sarus crane is shown as if it is stretching its neck to pull out the sun from the rim of the horizon. The sarus cranes from the Indian subcontinent are well marked and differentiated from the south-eastern population by having a white collar below the bare head and upper neck, and white tertiary remiges. Migratory populations are also known from Southeast Asia and Australia.  The species was a close contender to the Indian peafowl as the national bird of India. This bird has a grey ear covert patch, orange-red irises, and a greenish-grey bill.  When disturbed from the nest, parents may sometimes attempt to conceal the eggs by attempting to cover them with material from the edge of the nest. In areas with perennial water supply, as in the western plains of Uttar Pradesh, breeding pairs maintain perennial territories. The bent neck of the bird and the eager movements of the bird are shown thus. Subscribe now.  The eggshells are removed by the parents after the chicks hatch either by carrying away the fragments or by swallowing them. They are a symbol of marital virtue and in parts of Gujarat/India, it is a custom to take a newly wed couple to see a pair of sarus cranes. , The species has historically been widely distributed on the lowlands of India along the Gangetic plains, extending south to the Godavari River, west to coastal Gujarat, the Tharparkar District of Pakistan, and east to West Bengal and Assam. The female crane is distressed at the scene she witnesses, she gracefully flies around the scene in circles and croons over the disgraceful end of her partner. c. the hands and jaws of the bird. Answer: The first stanza of the poet contains a figure os speech – the hyperbole – which is used to highlight a particular point through exaggeration. The female crane then pecks at a few feathers of the male crane and in a desperate attempt to bring the male crane back to life tries to hatch the feathers to a toddling chick. This video will explain the poem in detail. Question 3. , The bare red skin of the adult's head and neck is brighter during the breeding season. Pair of Sarus crane bird is standing in the dray pond. Discuss in pairs and then write the answers to the questions given below it. , While individuals from northern populations are among the heaviest cranes, alongside the red-crowned and wattled cranes, and the largest in their range, birds from Australia tend to be smaller. , Sarus cranes have loud, trumpeting calls, which as in other cranes, are produced by the elongated trachea that forms coils within the sternal region. The weight of nominate race individuals is 6.8–7.8 kg (15–17 lb), while five adults of A. a. sharpii averaged 8.4 kg (19 lb).  According to 19th-century British zoologist Thomas C. Jerdon, young birds were good to eat, while older ones were "worthless for the table". Thus, Australian sarus cranes average about 25% lighter than the northern counterparts and are marginally lighter on average than brolgas. (a) that the female bird was out of her senses after the death of the male bird. a. the sun was unwilling to rise. , Breeding success (percentage of eggs hatching and surviving to fledging stage) has been estimated to be about 20% in Gujarat and 51–58% in south-western Uttar Pradesh. As there exists the possibility of (limited) hybridization with the genetically distinct brolga, the Australian sarus crane can be expected to be an incipient species.  In Australia they are found only in the north-east, and are partly migratory in some areas. Question 8.  Among the Gondi people, the tribes classified as "five-god worshippers" consider the sarus crane as sacred.  The role of rice paddies and associated irrigation structures may be particularly important for the birds' conservation, since natural wetlands are increasingly threatened by human activity. Part 2", "Notes on birds observed in Oudh and Kumaon", "After IAF, Indian Posts shows interest for NAL Saras", "The use of the anaesthetic "CT1341" in a Sarus crane", "Isolation of a sex-Linked DNA sequence in cranes", 10.1675/1524-4695(2006)29[365:fsdahs]2.0.co;2, The Cranes Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan: Sarus Crane (, Sarus Crane (International Crane Foundation), International Crane Foundation (literature), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sarus_crane&oldid=989048124, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2019, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2019, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Taxonbars with automatically added original combinations, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 16 November 2020, at 19:29. , Payment to locals to guard nests and help increase breeding success has been attempted in northern Cambodia. He do not care about the sentiments of cranes. Permanent removal of pairs from the population due to developmental activities caused reduced population viability, and was a far more important factor impacting breeding success relative to total annual rainfall.. b. the dead body of the bird It was shot when the bird had dipped its beak in the water. Birds are very graceful and beautiful but the hunter treats them carelessly. The species no longer breeds in Punjab, though it winters regularly in the state. From 1,562 observations, 26 types â¦  One survey in Australia found 60% of breeding pairs to have successfully fledged chicks. Cranes from this population aggregate in remaining wetlands and reservoirs during the dry summer, and breeding pairs set up territories during the rainy season (July – October) remaining on territories throughout the winter (November – March). Strong cultural ties to cranes and wetlands in South/Southeast Asia provide unique opportunities to engage people in the conservation of these intensely settled landscapes using the Sarus Crane as a flagship species, which in turn also benefits local communities and other species. Please do not substitute this template.  This study further suggests that the Australian population shows low genetic variability. b. the male bird was impatient. I am very happy i gt all the Q& A.  About 30% of all breeding pairs succeed in raising chicks in any year, and most of the successful pairs raise one or two chicks each, with brood sizes of three being rare. The sarus cranes in India (referred to as A. a. antigone) are the largest, and in the east from Myanmar is replaced by a population that extends into Southeast Asia (referred to as A. a. sharpii). a. sunrise The Sarus Crane is not only largest of the 15 species of crane, but it is also the largest flying bird in the world: it can reach a height of 1.8 metres.. Male âSarolgaâ with sarus crane mate, Wrotham Park, Gulf Plains (Photo: Tim Nevard) Although brolgas and sarus cranes have been known for some time to breed on the plains adjacent to the Gulf of Carpentaria and to flock on the Atherton Tablelands, there has been no proof of migration between these areas. c. the foolish act of the female bird. Breeding pairs maintain territories that are defended from other cranes using a large repertoire of calls and displays. Loud, trumpeting calls are often incorporated into these displays. Between 31 and 100% of nests with eggs can fail to hatch eggs for these reasons. After the killers had left the place, the female bird returned to the death scene and kept flying around whining for its companions« with short and long wails resembling the Morse Code.  Based on these observations, unseasonal nesting (or nesting outside of the monsoon) of sarus cranes was thought to be due to either the presence of two populations, some pairs raising a second brood, and unsuccessful breeding by some pairs in the normal monsoon season, prompting them to nest again when conditions such as flooded marshes remain. A Pair of Sarus Cranes. they act heartless towards the pair of cranes. Question 2.  The third record is a one-month study that provides details of 32 nests located within 10-km around Morr Morr cattle station in the Gilbert River floodplains.  The Indian population is less than 10,000, but of the three subspecies, is the healthiest in terms of numbers. OUR PLAN.  In Southeast Asia, cranes congregate in few remnant wetlands during the dry season. The proud, dignified bird was killed and thrown into the washing bag like dirty linen. And the poet says that the female sarus crane went beyond Hume’s words and beyond the legends and fables of human love. In Nepal, its distribution is restricted to the western and central lowland plains, with most of the population occurring in Rupandehi, Kapilvastu, and Nawalparasi districts. Among 77 observation points, 183 sarus cranes were recorded. The chicks are fed by the parents for the first few days, but are able to feed independently after that, and follow their parents for food. The tallest of the flying birds, standing at a height up to 1.8 m (5 ft 11 in), they are a conspicuous species of open wetlands in South Asia, seasonally flooded Dipterocarpus forests in Southeast Asia, and Eucalyptus-dominated woodlands and grasslands in Australia.. The Sarus Crane is a resident of Southeast Asia and northern Australia. The third is the "seasonally migratory" population, also primarily in the arid zone of Gujarat and Rajasthan. (a) callousness of the hunters, Question 6. The pair of sarus crane bird is immersed in love. This suggests, Question 1. , Data collated over a century from South Asia show sarus cranes nesting throughout the year. d. not clear Little is known about the diseases and parasites of the sarus crane, and their effects on wild bird populations. a. callousness of the hunters. Eastern Sarus Crane: Originally occurred throughout Indochina; in the last 50 years, it has been decimated throughout this range, but occurs in â¦ In this manner, the majestic neck has humbled the hunter.  More pairs are able to raise chicks in years with higher total rainfall, and when territory quality was undisturbed due to increased farming or development. This sighting in itself is a case of research as the same pair arrives at the same agricultural field. Across the distribution range, their weight can vary from 5 to 12 kg (11 to 26 lb), height typically from 115 to 167 cm (45 to 66 in), and wingspan from 220 to 250 cm (87 to 98 in).